Wednesday, April 20, 2011

The Phoenix Program; TWO: History of Government Human Experimentation

TWO: History of Government Human Experimentation

In order to understand the current state sponsored human experimentation program using microwave weapons against civilians it is necessary to begin with previous program that began in the early 1900's, and continued to the present day..

Eugenics Movement
Eugenics originated in England with the work of Francis Galton who studied
hereditary traits in families and began nature versus nurture debate and it's ultimate focus on twins to answer the question of what was more powerful, heredity or environment. He proposed positive Eugenics, encouraging the reproduction of eminent men and families. He cautioned against drawing premature and harmful conclusions from his work, but like his cousin, Charles Darwin, his work was used as justification for some of the greatest crimes in history. Negative Eugenics is the application of means to discourage the breeding of the "unfit", including anti-race mixing marriage laws, segregation (institutionalization), sterilization, and euthanasia. Eugenics s not the true science and though it is dressed up in mathematics to give it legitimacy it has more in common with the quak science of Phrenology. Phrenology was the study of the head size and shape to determine intelligence and character.

The industrial age had thrown millions of people off the farm and into the city to work in low faying factory jobs. The sheer scale of the problems of mental illness, alcoholism and crime seemed overwhelming. Added to this, millions of Eastern Europeans and Italians came to America and made native the population uneasy. They were viewd as bad stock compared to the more "Nordic types" that made up earlier waves of immigration from Western Europe. Suggestions for solving these probleems took the form of segregation, sterilization, and mass euthanasia, however the Eugenics movement leaders were smart enough to realize that America was not prepared for euthanasia.

The Eugenics movement took shape in America with the founding of the Eugenics Recording Office at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in 1910 by Charles Davenport with money from the Carnegie Institution. The ERO compiled millions of files on ordinary Americans. The adherents of Eugenics included some of the most influential doctors and scientists of the era, including Alexander Graham Bell, Luther Burbank, W.M. Kellogg, David Starr Jordan, the President of Stanford University, William Welch of the John Hopkins University, professors at Harvard, Columbia, Yale, and other universities taught 375 courses on Eugenics. The hypothesis that mental illness, crime and poverty were inherited factors and could be cured through negative Eugenics had by the 1920's been accepted by America Society as fact. Contests for fitter family were common at state fairs and Eugenics publications and ideas were widespread. This could not have been possible without the hard work of many eminent men and the application of large amounts of money.

The great fortunes of The Carnegie Institution, The Rockefeller Foundation, Harriman Family, Ford Foundation, Milbank Memorial Fund, and others funded the ERO, The American Eugenics Society, The American Eugenics Party and others. The American Eugenics Movement actively encouraged foreign countries to participate, concentrating most heavily on Germany. The opening adress of the Second International Congress of Eugenics in 1921 was repeated in German.

Only 3,00 people had been forcibly sterilized by the time the famous case of Buck vs. Bell reached the Supreme Court. Carrie Buck was a 17 year old girl  who became pregnant out of wedlock in 1920's Virginia. She was ostracized by her community and her baby Vivian Buck, was reported to the ERO as appearing 'not normal'. Carrie and her mother's files were examined, both had previously been classified as MORONS and court proceedings were begun to have Carrie forcibly sterilized without examination. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes delivered the verdict of the court in 1927.

It is better for all the world, if instead of waiting to execute degenerate offspring for crime, or to let them starve for their imbecility, society can prevent those who are manufestly unfit from continuing their kind. The principle that sustains compulsory vaccination is broad enough to cover cutting the Fallopian tubes. Jacobson v. Massachusetts, 197 U.S 11, 25 S. CT. 358, 3 Ann. Cas. 765. Three generations of imbeciles are enough."

This decision validated Virginia's Eugenical Sterilization Act and set in motion the forced sterilization of 30-60k American citizens. Eventually similar laws were passed in 34 other states. Carrie Buck was not a promiscuous and disruptive moronic slut as she had been portrayed at trial by the testimony of her school superintendent. She had been raped by her foster family's son. She had been on the honor roll. Her
forcible sterilization was a result of lies, incorrect diagnoses, and a plot to pass the Virginia Law. A review of the case uncovered a conspiracy between Carrie's defense lawyer and the Colony of Virginia to ensure the constitutionality of  Virginia's new law. The state was trying to save money by sterlizing the growing
population at it's mental facilities.

The greatest impact of Buck vs. Bell was in Germany. In 1933 the Nazi government adopted the Prevention of Hereditary III Offspring Act which was based on Buck vs. Bell and led to the forced sterilization of 375,000 people and the banning of marriage and sexual relations between Germans and Jews. The Rockefeller Foundation funded the Eugenicists at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute including the work of Ernst Rudin, a leading psychiatrist who becamse an architect and prime director of the murderous medical expermintation programs conducted on thousands of Jews, Gypsies, and others. American money also endowed the work of Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer who headed the Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. He wrote in his Eugenics journal that "Germany's war would yield a total solution
to the Jewish problem." Verschuer had a longtime assistant. His name was Josef Mengele. On May 30, 1943, Mengele arrived at Auschwitz. Verschuer notified the German Research Society,"My assistant Dr. Josef Mengele (M.D., Ph.D.) joined me in this branch of research. He is presently employed as Hauptsturmführer (captain) and camp physician in the Auschwitz concentration camp. Anthropological testing of the most diverse racial groups in this concentration camp is being carried out with permission of the SS Reichsführer (Himmler). "Mengele began searching the boxcar arrivals for twins. When he found them, he preformed beastly experiments, scrupulously wrote up the reports and sent the paperwork back to Verschuer's institute for evaluation. Often, cadavers, eyes and other body parts were also dispatched
to Berlin's eugenics institues. Several doctors who had been sent to Auschwitz for aiding Jews were forced to work as his assistants and described him thus...His experiments and observations were carried out in an abnormal fashion. When he made transfusions he purposely used incorrect blood types. He would inject substances and then ignore the results. He did what he pleased and conducted his experiments
like a mad amateur. He was not a savant. He had the mania of a collector. He was also fascinated with gypsies and dwarfs as human specimens. His experiments, lacking scientific value, were no more than foolish playing and all his activities were full of contradiction. In other words, he was a hack with
an MD and a Ph.D in eugenics, a quak science.

"The toll of Eugenics Laws would fall heavily on non-Jewish Germans as well. The chronology of events is instructive. First patients in German mental facilities were sterilized, then it was decided to gas them. CO gas was used in the beginning but was discarded in favor of Zyklon B gas for reasons of economy and effectiveness. Next all the residents of the old age homes in germany were either starved, given lethal injection, or gassed and then cremated. Finally German citizens who had physical disabilities, many quite mild or correctable, were euthanized. Between 50,000 and 100,000 were evetually killed.

The program was referred to as a mercy death however nothing could be farther from the truth. Witnesses said that the floor, walls, and even the ceiling of the gas chamber were stained with blood, vomit, urine and feces. At the center of the toom would be an enormous pile of bodies in the general shape of a pyramid as people struggled to climb on top of each other to reach the last remaining breathable air near the ceiling.

American Eugenics movement leaders went underground and changed the name of their organizations. The lifelong friendships between people like Verschuer and the leading members of the American Eugenics Movement continued even ater the Holocaust. He and many others were never punished and remained influential men in society. Their portraits hang in many major universities, both in Germany and America. The names of their victims are mostly lost to history. They included the powerless people who couldn't fighyt back. Carrie Buck's daughter died at the age of 8 years old due to an illness. In her shot school career she had made the honor roll.

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